Black hole clusters in our Galaxy

K.M. Belotsky, A.V. Berkov, A.A. Kirillov and S.G. Rubin1


We discuss a way of observing intermediate-mass black holes which may exist in the Galaxy. We show that these black holes form clusters which could be identified as gamma-ray sources.


  1. A. D. Dolgov and L. Silk, Baryon isocurvature fluctuations at small scales and baryonic dark matter, Phys. Rev. D 47 4244 (1993).
  2. V. I. Dokuchaev, Birth and life of massive black holes, Sov. Phys. Usp. 34, 447 (1991).
  3. B. J. Carr, K. Kohri, Y. Sendouda, and J. Yokoyama, New cosmological constraints on primordial black holes, Phys. Rev. D 81 104019 (2010); astro-ph/0912.5297.
  4. S. G. Rubin, M. Y. Khlopov, and A. S. Sakharov, primordial black holes from non-equilibrium second-order phase transition, Grav. Cosmol. Suppl. 6, 51 (2000); hep-ph/0005271.
  5. B.J. Carr, The primordial black hole mass spectrum, Astroph. J.201 1 (1975).
  6. Ya.B. Zel'dovich and I.D. Novikov, The hypothesis of cores retarded during expansion and the hot cosmological model, Sov. Astron. J. 10, 602 (1976).
  7. S.W. Hawking, Gravitationally collapsed objects of very low mass, Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc. 152, 75 (1971).
  8. M.Yu. Khlopov and A.G. Polnarev, Primordial Black Holes as a Cosmological test of Grand Unification, Phys. Lett. B 97 383 (1980).
  9. J. Yokoyama, Chaotic new inflation and formation of primordial black holes, Phys. Rev. D 58 083510 (1998).
  10. S.G. Rubin, M.Yu Khlopov, and A.S. Sakharov, Primordial black holes from non- equilibrium second order phase transition, Grav. Cosmol. Suppl. 6, 51 (2000).
  11. M. J. Rees, black hole models for active galactic nuclei, Ann. Rev. Astron. & Astrophys. 22, 471 (1984).
  12. M. C. Begelman, R. D. Blandford, and M. J. Rees, Theory of extragalactic radio sources, Rev. Mod. Phys. 56, 255 (1984).
  13. V. I. Dokuchaev, Yu. N. Eroshenko, and S. G. Rubin, Early formation of galaxies initiated by clusters of primordial black holes, Astron. Rep. 52, 779 (2007); astro-ph/0801.0885.
  14. V. I. Dokuchaev and Yu. N. Eroshenko, Origin of correlations between central black holes masses and galactic bulge velocity dispersions, Astron. Astrophys. Trans. 22, 727 (2003); astro-ph/0209324.
  15. M. Yu. Khlopov and S. G. Rubin, Cosmological Pattern of Microphysics in the Inflationary Universe, (Kluwer, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 2004).
  16. S. G. Rubin, A. S. Sakharov, and M. Y. Khlopov, Formation of primary galactic nuclei during phase transitions in the early Universe, Sov. Phys. JETP 92 921 (2001); hep-ph/0106187.
  17. M. Yu. Khlopov, S. G. Rubin, and A. S. Sakharov, Primordial structure of massive black hole clusters, Astropart. Phys. 23, 265 (2005); astro-ph/0401532.
  18. S. W. Hawking, Particle creation by black holes, Commun. Math. Phys. 43, 199 (1975).
  19. The Fermi LAT Collaboration, The Large Area Telescope on the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope Mission, Astroph. J. 697 1071 (2009); astro-ph/0902.1089.
  20. The Fermi LAT Collaboration, Fermi Large Area Telescope First Source Catalog, Astrophys. J. Suppl. 188, 405 (2010); astro-ph/1002.2280.
For more information about this paper please visit Springer's Home Page of this paper.

Back to The Contents Page